The Very Large Telescope Project (VLT) consists of a system of four separate (An astronomical telescope designed to collect and record light from cosmic sources) optical telescopes (the Antu telescope, the Kueyen telescope, the Melipal telescope, and the Yepun telescope) organized in an array formation. Each telescope has a 8.2 m aperture. The project is organized by the European Southern Observatory.
VLT is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635 m high mountain in the (A desert in northern Chile rich in nitrate and copper deposits) Atacama desert in northern (A republic in southern South America on the western slopes of the Andes on the south Pacific coast) Chile.
– as a set of independent telescopes (this is the primary mode of operation)
– as a single large incoherent instrument, for extra light-gathering capacity (this mode has now been abandoned)
– as a single large coherent interferometric instrument (the VLT Interferometer or VLTI), for extra resolution (this is occasionally used, usually for observations of relatively bright sources)The principle role of the VLT is to operate as four independent telescopes, and the interferometry (combining light from multiple telescopes) is a minor secondary role.In 2005, VLT telescopes produced some of the first (The infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum; electromagnetic wave frequencies below the visible range) infrared images of extrasolar planets GQ Lupi b and 2M1207b.
|The visits to PARANAL are free-of-charge (ESO)|